Adderall is used to treat narcolepsy and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
General information
Adderall contains a combination of amphetamine and dextroamphetamine. Amphetamine and dextroamphetamine are central nervous system stimulants that affect chemicals in the brain and nerves that contribute to hyperactivity and impulse control.
Do not use Adderall if you have taken an MAO inhibitor in the past 14 days, including isocarboxazid, linezolid, methylene blue injection, phenelzine, rasagiline, selegiline, tranylcypromine and others. Take Adderall exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Using this medicine improperly can cause death or serious side effects on the heart. You may take this medicine with or without food. It is best to take Adderall first thing in the morning. Do not crush, chew or break tablet, you should swallow it whole. The recommended dose for narcolepsy is 10 mg per day orally upon awakening.
Adderall is not approved for use by anyone younger than 6 years old. This medication may impair your thinking or reactions. Be careful if you drive or do anything that requires you to be alert. Avoid drinking fruit juices or taking vitamin C at the same time you take Adderall as it can make your body absorb less of the medicine.
You should not use Adderall if you have glaucoma, overactive thyroid, severe agitation, moderate to severe high blood pressure, heart disease or coronary artery disease, or a history of drug or alcohol addiction. To make sure Adderall is safe for you, tell your doctor if you have ever had depression, mental illness, bipolar disorder, psychosis or suicidal thoughts and actions.
Possible side effect
The most common side effects are stomach pain, loss of appetite, weight loss, fast heart rate, headache, dizziness, mood changes, feeling nervous, sleep problems (insomnia) or dry mouth. Stop using this medicine and call your doctor at once if you have: hallucinations (seeing or hearing things that are not real), new behavior problems, aggression, hostility, paranoia; a seizure (convulsions); chest pain, trouble breathing, feeling like you might pass out; numbness, pain, cold feeling, unexplained wounds, or skin color changes (pale, red, or blue appearance) in your fingers or toes; muscle twitches (tics); changes in your vision; unexplained muscle pain, tenderness, or weakness (especially if you also have fever, unusual tiredness, and dark colored urine); high levels of serotonin in the body.
Drug interactions
Some medicines cause high levels of serotonin to build up in your body, a condition called "serotonin syndrome," which can be fatal. Tell your doctor if you use medicine to treat depression, medicine to treat a psychiatric disorder, a narcotic (opioid) medication or medicine to prevent nausea and vomiting. Many other drugs can interact with amphetamine and dextroamphetamine, tell your doctor if you are taking a blood pressure medicine, a blood thinner (e.g., Warfarin, Coumadin, Jantoven), cold or allergy medicine that contains a decongestant, seizure medicine or a stomach acid reducer (e.g., AcipHex, Prevacid, Prilosec, Nexium, Protonix).
Missed dose
Take the missed dose as soon as you remember, but not late in the day or you could have trouble sleeping. Skip the missed dose if it is almost evening. Do not take extra medicine to make up the missed dose.
Seek emergency medical attention as an overdose of amphetamine and dextroamphetamine could be fatal. Overdose symptoms may include restlessness, tremor, muscle twitches, rapid breathing, confusion, hallucinations, panic, aggressiveness, muscle pain or weakness, and dark colored urine. These symptoms may be followed by depression and tiredness. Other overdose symptoms include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, stomach pain, uneven heartbeats, feeling light-headed, fainting, seizure (convulsions), or coma.
Store at room temperature away from moisture, heat, and light.
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